Monday, January 6, 2020
Prepositional Object Pronouns in Spanish
Prepositions in Spanish need an object to be complete, just as they do in English. For example, a sentence such as I am going to or Voy a doesnt make much sense. That object can be a noun or a pronoun (or sometimes a verb functioning as a noun). Most of the pronouns used with prepositions in Spanish are the same as the subject pronouns, but they are different in the first- and second-person singular. Otherwise their use is fairly straightforward, as indicated in the following list: The Prepositional Pronouns of Spanish mÃ Ã¢â¬âme Es un regalo para mÃ . (It is a gift for me.)Salieron sin mÃ . (They left without me.)Tienen una falta de respeto hacia mÃ . (They have a lack of respect toward me.) tiÃ¢â¬âyou (singular familiar) Hablan de ti. (They are talking about you.)No valÃ a nada mi vida antes de ti. (My life before you was worthless.)El regalo es para ti. (The gift is for you.) ustedÃ¢â¬âyou (singular formal) Las flores son para usted. (The flowers are for you.)Ella no tolera fumar alrededor de usted. (She doesnt put up with smoking around you.)Siempre pensamos en usted. (We are always thinking about you.) Ã ©l, ellaÃ¢â¬âhim, her Corrieron hacia Ã ©l. (They ran toward him.)Fue escrito por ella. (It was written by her.)Muchas veces hablaban con ella. (They spoke with her often.) nosotros, nosotrasÃ¢â¬âus Vienen tras nosotros. (They are coming after us.)Andan al lado de nosotros. (They are walking beside us.)Queremos que trabajes con nosotras. (We want you to work with us.) vosotros, vosotrasÃ¢â¬âyou (plural familiar) No estoy contra vosotros. (I am not against you.)Salgo sin vosotros. (I am leaving without you.)Es el mejor para vosotras. (It is the best thing for you.) ellos, ellasÃ¢â¬âthem El coche no es para ellos. (The car isnt for them.)Salgo con ellas. (I am leaving with them.)Sin ellos no podemos vivir. (We cant live without them.) Reflexive Prepositional Pronouns When the object of a preposition is the same as the subject of the verb coming before a prepositional phrase the pronoun sÃ is used when the verb is in the third person. In other words, sÃ is the equivalent of himself, herself, or themselves when it comes after a preposition. Although not common, sÃ can also be the equivalent of the formal yourself or yourselves after a preposition. When used this way, sÃ is frequently followed by mismo or one of its feminine or plural equivalents. SÃ when used in this way should not be confused with sÃ , the word for yes or an adverb of affirmation. La madre que no se ama a sÃ misma nunca se siente feliz. (The mother who doesnt love herself never feels happy.)SÃ ³lo trabajaran para sÃ mismos. (They are working only for themselves.)El egoÃ sta sÃ ³lo piensa en sÃ mismo. (The egotist thinks only about himself.) Two Exceptions There are two main exceptions to the above usages: The Con- Contractions When used with con (usually translated as with) the forms conmigo, contigo, and consigo are used instead of con mÃ , con ti, and con sÃ , respectively. Voy contigo. (Im going with you.)Ã ¿Vas conmigo? (Are you going with me?)Se llevÃ ³ su equipaje consigo. (She took her luggage with her.) Prepositions Using Subject Pronouns The following six prepositions are used with the subject pronouns yo and tÃ º instead of mÃ and ti, respectively: entre (usually translated as among or between), excepto (except), incluso (including or even), menos (except), salvo (except), and segÃ ºn (according to). Also, hasta is used with the subject pronouns when it is used with roughly the same meaning as incluso. Es la diferencia entre tÃ º y yo. (Its the difference between you and me.)Muchas personas incluso/hasta yo creen en las hadas. (Many people including me believe in fairies, or many people, even I, believe in fairies.)Todos excepto/menos/salvo tÃ º creen en las hadas. (Everybody except you believes in fairies.)Es la verdad segÃ ºn yo. (Its the truth according to me.) Key Takeaways Prepositional pronouns are pronouns used at the objects of prepositions.The subject and prepositional object pronouns are identical, except that mÃ is the object form of yo, and ti is the object form of tÃ º.Several prepositions including entre and segÃ ºn are used with subject pronouns in all instances.